NPSH (Net Positive Suction Head)

Net positive suction head, which is called in short form as NPSH and used in engineering pump designs and even in design engineering of various plants for location of pumps. What is NPSH? NPSH is a static head, which will be calculated from single datum or reference elevation (Normally datum elevation is considered as pump suction elevation as reference elevation) minus vapour pressure headRead More…

Oil Production – Oil and Gas Facilities

Oil Production – Oil and Gas Facilities Introduction This post gives some basic information for oil production facilities in Oil and Gas industry. When an oil-drilling rig strikes oil, the well is said to have “come in”. The drilling rig is removed, and the well is fitted with special equipment to allow the oil to be collected and processed in a controlled way. This collection process is calleRead More…

Material Basics – Monel

Material Basics – Monel Introduction to Material Basics – Monel This blog provides, basic information about Monel 400 (UNS N04400), MONEL alloy K-500 (UNS N05500) and Monel Alloy R-405 (UNS N04405) material basics like, its properties, applications etc. Monel is a high tensile strength nickel-copper alloy that was discovered in 1905. It was found to be highly resistant to atmospheric corrosion,Read More…

Introduction to Intrinsically Safe Systems

Introduction to Intrinsically Safe Systems What is intrinsically safe systems? Why it is used? What is design criteria? All these basic information about intrinsically safe systems is provided in this post. Intrinsic safety implies that there is insufficient electric energy in a circuit to ignite the most readily flammable mixture of a gas and air. As mentioned in relation to classification, theRead More…

Corrosion Problems Associated with Stainless Steel

Corrosion Problems Associated with Stainless Steel Introduction Commonly used stainless steel material is having corrosion problems like pitting, SCC, erosion, galvanic corrosion etc. Brief description of all these corrosion problems associated with stainless steel is tabulated in this blog. The corrosion experienced in 300 series stainless steel is described in a variety of technical terms thaRead More…

Material Basics – Stainless Steel

Material Basics – Stainless Steel Introduction to Material Basics – Stainless Steel Material Basics for commonly used material stainless steel, is covered in this blog. Which provides information about stainless steel material all commonly used grades, its properties, welding properties, including its subcategories like Austenitic, Martensitic, Ferritic, Duplex, Precipitation Hardening and superRead More…

Zeron 100 – Alternative Material for Severe Conditions

Zeron 100 – Alternative Material for Severe Conditions This web blog provides you a transient data of Zeron 100® Alternative Material for Severe conditions, its mechanical, physical, chemical properties, applications, standards, design stresses, thermal conductivity, impact strength etc. This material is used as alternative material, where other materials are not suitable for aggressive environmRead More…

Surge Arrestors

Surge Arrestors Surge arrestors are designed to control rapid velocity changes which may cause potentially dangerous pressure excursions. One method of accomplishing this is by using a vessel charged with inert gas and connected to the pipeline carrying the liquid. This vessel has the capability to convert the kinetic energy of the moving liquid into stored potential energy when a liquid overpreRead More…

Basics of Hydraulic Surge or Water Hammer

Basics of Hydraulic Surge or Water Hammer What is hydraulic surge or water hammer? How it develops, its impact all these information is covered in this post as Basics of Hydraulic Surge or Water Hammer. Introduction Inertia is the tendency of matter to remain in its existing state of motion, unless acted upon by outside forces. More energy is required to change steady state motion than to maintRead More…

Introduction to Piping General Arrangement Drawings

Introduction to Piping General Arrangement Drawings This post gives introduction to piping general arrangement drawings, like inputs required for generating any piping plans, presentation of piping plans, civil, structural details, instrumentation trenches, underground piping, supports, pipe racks etc. Piping shall be routed so that the optimum piping layout is achieved in terms of process requiRead More…